Government jobs after 12th class in India

In this article, we are going to explore all the avenues that open up to you once you clear your intermediate level or higher secondary stage of schooling, i.e. your 12th class.


I have worked in numerous government jobs, including Indian Air Force, SBI, Bank of Baroda and LIC. I have been training students for government jobs like UPSC (IAS, IPS), SSC, Bank etc. since 2014.

Though you can find numerous jobs in private sector too, but our focus here will specifically be on Indian government jobs. Let’s start.

Table of Contents
  • Indian Government jobs that you may apply after 12th class
  • Government jobs for 12th pass female
  • Government jobs after 12th science

Indian Government jobs that you may apply after 12th class

Staff Selection Commission-Combined Higher Secondary Level (SSC CHSL) Jobs

As the name suggests, SSC CHSL is an examination for 12th pass candidates. You may also appear in it if you are a graduate. This exam is conducted every year. Jobs offered via SSC CHSL are central government jobs.

The written exam consists of three parts – Objective type aptitude paper, Descriptive paper, Skill Test (Typing test in English or Hindi)

If you qualify in this exam, then you may work in various capacities in central government departments such as, Income tax department, and various ministries like Railways, Coal, Finance, Home Affair etc.

Some of the jobs that gets filled via SSC CHSL are:

  • Lower Division Clerk
  • Junior Secretariat Assistant
  • Court Clerk
  • Data Entry Operator
  • Postal Assistant
  • Shorting Assistant

SSC Stenographer

SSC also conducts exam for stenographers. Vacancies are released every year. It has two stages – online objective test, and then skill test (typing test).

One good thing about this examination is that Maths questions are not asked here. So, you may appear in this examination even if you had arts subjects in 12th.

However, to clear the skill test, you must be good at general typing and shorthand.


Shorthand is a faster way to write something, by making use of an abbreviated symbolic writing method. In fact, the process of writing in shorthand is called stenography. So, if you want to be a Stenographer, then it’s obvious that you should be skilful in shorthand typing.


For some SSC posts (like that of a Stenographer) you need to have a DOEACC CCC computer certificate too. CCC stands for Course on Computer Concepts.

SSC General Duties (GD) Constable

Through this exam you may get to work as a constable in various para-military organizations, such as BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP, SSB, SSF etc. Even 10th pass candidates may give this exam though.

Apart from central SSC, you may also explore state level SSCs. Every state has its own SSC too, which recruits people for state department jobs, e.g. UPSSSC, BSSC, HSSC etc. The kind of jobs you may get through state SSCs may vary from Lower Division Clerks to Revenue Worker, Junior Account Clerk, Panchayat Sachiv etc.


SSC also conducts exams for just 10th pass candidates and graduates.

  • SSC MTS – 10th pass candidates can appear in it. So, these posts are open even for 12th pass candidates too. The age limit is 18 to 25 years.
  • SSC CGL – only graduates can appear in this exam.

Railway comes under the centre government, so all these jobs are central government jobs. RRB NTPC releases vacancies for both 12th class candidates and graduates. But here we will just list down the jobs available to 12th pass people.

  • Commercial cum Ticket Clerk
  • Account Clerk cum Typist
  • Junior Clerk cum Typist
  • Junior time keeper
  • Train Clerk

This exam is conducted in two stages – preliminary round and then mains. In both the rounds, you will encounter the following sections – Maths, General Intelligence, Reasoning, General Awareness. You should also have a basic understanding of computer for this exam.

You may also get the following jobs in railways:

  • Loco-pilot, i.e. train drivers. But you also need to have a relevant ITI diploma to get this job.
  • Ticket Checker (TC)
  • Additional Station Master

NDA Jobs (for Science Students)

If you like uniforms, adventure and like working in a team, then this might be a dream option for you. You may get selected in Air Force, Army or Navy via this exam. These are central government jobs. NDA exam is conducted twice a year. So, you may appear twice a year, if you choose to. However, only science stream (Maths, Physics) students may sit in this exam. Another peculiar requirement of this exam is that you must be unmarried.

The written exam consists of two objective papers – Maths and General Ability. Physical examination and medical check-up will also be conducted. Once you clear this exam, then you will be called for SSB interview.

Indian Coast Guard

Coast guards are responsible for safeguarding the coasts of India and to conduct safety and rescue missions for fishermen and other ships in distress. You may also get a chance to travel to foreign countries. It is also a central government job.

To sit in this exam, you need to have Maths and Physics in your 10 + 2 level. Here, written test is followed by physical test. Age limit is 18 to 22 years.

Centre or State Police

Some police forces come under the central government, e.g. those of union territories like Delhi. States have their own police, e.g. UP Police, Maharashtra Police, Rajasthan Police etc.

You may become constable in the police force of your state after passing 12th class. Written test is followed by Physical test and then Medical test. In many police jobs there is no interview, e.g. for Delhi Sub-Inspector job (Group C), or for Delhi constable job (Group D).

For most of these jobs you just need to give a written test, some physical exams and medical test. You should have some minimum height and proper vision. These criteria vary from state to state.


Constable level jobs are often open for even 10th pass students.

Forest Guard

As a forest guard you will have to protect the flora and fauna of Indian forests. It’s a central government job. Government releases these vacancies every year.

In the first stage you will have to give a written test having questions from – Hindi, English, Maths, GK, Science. The second stage is that of Physical test.

Some other jobs that you may apply for after 12th are:

  • Postal Assistant
  • Air Force Airman (Group X and Y vacancies)
  • BSF constable
  • Delhi Subordinate Services Selection Board (DSSSB) Lab Assistant (if you are a science student)

To get a government job you will most probably have to give a written test (objective, subjective or both). In these tests you are often tested on – Maths, English (or some vernacular language), General Studies, Science etc.

If you want guidance in preparing for aptitude tests part of government jobs entrance examinations, then you may check out our websites:

  • A website to help you prepare online for aptitude examinations. (In English Medium)
  • A website to help you prepare online for aptitude examinations. (In Hindi Medium)

Government jobs for 12th pass female

All the jobs mentioned in this article are both for males and females. There are only a very few jobs where men are preferred, e.g. in jobs requiring intense physical labour or some dangerous jobs. So, if you are a girl, go ahead and apply for any of the job listed above.

Government jobs after 12th science

There are some jobs that require students from science stream. Here’s a list of such government exams that you may appear in, if you have completed 12th with science subjects.

  • NDA – If you had Maths and Physics in your 10+2, then you may appear in this exam. Biology students are not allowed.
  • Coast Guard – Just like NDA, if you had Maths and Physics in your 10+2, then you may appear in this exam.
  • Delhi Subordinate Services Selection Board (DSSSB) Lab Assistant

Winding Up

Though we encourage you to keep on studying and complete your graduation, before you start looking for jobs. A lot many high salary and reputed jobs will be open to you once you graduate.

Also, the competition is high for 12th level jobs, because some graduates and even post-graduates apply for these jobs.

However, if you want to discontinue your studies due to some reason, or if you want to get financially independent at an early age, then go ahead and explore the government jobs mentioned in this article.

Best of luck from our side!

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